Your Braces Could Be Causing Gum Problems
Orthodontia, or braces, can vastly improve the appearance and function of the teeth. On the other hand, orthodontic appliances may also contribute to periodontal problems such as enlarged gums, swelling of the gums, or gum recession.
The presence of braces can make cleaning the teeth more difficult. When you are unable to clean
your teeth properly, bacteria can accumulate and this may irritate the gum tissue and cause it to become
inflamed and overgrown. This tissue enlargement makes it even more difficult to clean the teeth
contributing to further irritation.
Another factor that could cause the gums to swell could be due to the proximity of the hardware on the
teeth. While the gums may return to their normal, healthy state after braces are removed, we do see a
number of patients with persistent gum overgrowth during and post-orthodontia. This can be treated very
successfully with a crown lengthening procedure.
Braces can also contribute to the opposite problem of gum recession. In order to properly align the teeth,
they are pulled out of their natural position and pushed into a new one. The force used to align the teeth
can cause stress on the surrounding bone and gum, contributing to recession.
Gum recession can cause various problems including tooth decay, sensitivity, a compromised appearance,
bone loss, and possibly even tooth loss. Thankfully, gum recession can now be treated with the minimally-
invasive Pinhole Gum Rejuvenation Procedure.
You can start by brushing aggressively in the areas where the gums are swelling, making sure that you
clean those areas as thoroughly as possible with a Waterpik on high pressure. In the areas where your
gums are receding make sure you brush very gently and use the Waterpik on low pressure. Check out our
video on proper brushing with recession.
Dr Nemeth was interviewed on Vice and asked more questions regarding this issue. It seems that more and
more people are experiencing their gums swelling over braces.
For more information about hyperplasia or gum swelling, or braces, or to schedule an appointment,