The Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can affect 50 percent of the adult population and, in most cases, it is a sign of a bacterial and parasitic oral infection. Below are some of the characteristics of each of the stages of gum disease.

Healthy Gums:

  • The gums are pink
  • The edge of the gum adheres to the teeth
  • No bleeding


  • The gums bleed easily
  • Bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth occur
  • The gums are reddish in color

Early Periodontitis:

  • Gums recede
  • Bleeding is more pronounced
  • Radiography shows a slight bone deterioration
  • A 4 mm pocket appears around the teeth

Moderate Periodontitis:

  • Abscesses can develop around the teeth and gums recede
  • Radiography shows angular bone deterioration
  • The pockets reach 5-6 mm

Advanced Periodontitis:

  • Teeth begin to loosen
  • The pockets now reach 7+ mm
  • The bone shows significant deterioration

Gum disease can be predictably treated with a non-invasive option that involves a laser and a microscope.

Please contact our office at 248-357-3100 to learn more about the steps that can be taken to eliminate periodontal disease.